Biofeedback and relaxation-response training in the treatment of pediatric migraine

Authors
D W Fentress, B J Masek, J E Mehegan, H Benson
Publication
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
28(2):139-46
Abstract

To assess the efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback, relaxation-response training and pain behavior management as a treatment for pediatric migraine, we studied 18 children between the ages of eight and 12 years (mean = 10 X 1) in a prospective, randomized, controlled investigation. Six patients received all three treatment procedures, six received relaxation-response training and pain behavior management, and the remaining six constituted a waiting-list control group. All patients kept a record of their headaches for the 15-week study period and then for four weeks one year later. Following four weeks of baseline, the treatment groups completed nine one-hour treatment sessions in 11 weeks. Both treatment groups experienced a significant reduction in headache symptoms and were significantly improved compared to the waiting-list control group by the end of treatment. The treatment groups did not differ from each other in any of these comparisons. The reduction in headache symptoms in the treatment groups was maintained one year after treatment ended. These results suggest that relaxation-response training, with or without biofeedback training, combined with pain behavior management, is an effective alternative treatment for pediatric migraine.

Related Listings
Specific Transcriptome Changes Associated with ...
Authors
Manoj K. Bhasin, PhD, John W. Denninger, MD, PhD, Jeff C. Huffman, MD, Marie G. Joseph, BA, Halsey Niles, BA, Emma Chad-Friedman, BA, Robert Goldman, BA, Beverly Buczynski-Kelley, RN, Barbara A. Mahoney, RN, Gregory L. Fricchione, MD, Jeffery A. Dusek, PhD, Herbert Benson, MD, Randall M. Zusman, MD, Towia A. Liebermann, PhD
Journal
Journal Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Objective: Mind–body practices that elicit the relaxation response (RR) have been demonstrated to reduce blood pressure (BP) in essential hypertension (HTN) and may be an adjunct to antihypertensive drug therapy. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the RR reduces BP remain undefined. Design: Genomic determinants associated with responsiveness to an 8-week RR-based mind–body intervention for lowering HTN in 13 stage 1 hypertensive patients classified as BP responders and 11 as n […]
Neurobiology of Stress
Journal
Neurobiology of Stress
Journal devoted to the neurobiology of stress
The use of meditation--relaxation techniques fo...
Authors
P Carrington, G H Collings, Jr, H Benson, H Robinson, L W Wood, P M Lehrer, R L Woolfolk, J W Cole
Journal
J Occup Med
·
The efficacy of meditation-relaxation techniques has been widely researched in the laboratory, but their effectiveness for management of stress in organizational settings is still relatively unexplored. The present study compared relaxation and control conditions as part of a program of stress-reduction in industry. A total of 154 New York Telephone employees self-selected for stress learned one of three techniques--clinically standardized meditation (CSM), respiratory one method medi […]